Physical History
     
    The origins of this British city can go back to the Roman period when the Romans invaded in AD-13, and built a wooden bridge east of the present day London Bridge to access to the city of London. The Thames River was a deep and calm river, which worked well to support the numerous Roman ships. London, or Londononium, as the Romans called it, began in A.D.43. The Roman Empire had begun conquering Britain. The Romans, to allow for trade built a wooden bridge near the modern-day London Bridge. In AD60, Queen Boudica burned the city of London to the ground as a result of an invasion. The queen led a revolution against the Romans who occupied the city. By the early 200Ős the Romans surrounded Londonimium with a wall to ward off invaders. By 410, the Roman control of London ended when Roman troops were called back to roam due to an invasion. Many inhabitants left London, and the city went on decline. The Church heavily influenced medieval London. In fact, after construction of Old St. Paul's Church, it ws considered the greatest cathedral in Europe. The arrival of Dominican Friars in England only encouraged the building of more churches and other religious facilities. The Church built the Episcopal Palaces, which housed bishops and various church leaders. Saxon, Agnles and Jutes, who attacked eastern Britain where they settled and created small kindgoms dominated London. Eventually, a New London was errected, and it became a Saxon trading post. In the mid-1000Ős the Anglo-Saxon kind Edward the Confessor biolt a p[alace and a monastery church. This site soon evolved to be what is not Westminister. The palace of Westminister became EnglandŐs main center of government. Stuart London Inigo Jones became an influential architect and city planner of London. He ws responsible for the construction of the Queen's House at Greenwhich Palace and Banqueting House at White Hall. The Great Fire of 1666 would reshape the London forever. The fire started in a Baker's shop in the morning. Because the construction of the city was built with structures like houses, in close proximity, the fire easily spread. The fact that many buildings were made out of wood only exacerbated the flames. Some buildings were torn down, not by the fire itself, but by people in order to prevent the fire from spreading any further. Even St. Paul's Cathedral was destroyed. Christropher Wren would be the main architect for the rebuilding of London. This time, the city was built with brick and stone instead of timber. The construction of squares in the Westend, such as the Mayfield Squares, attactive many residents. By 1800, about one million people, thus becoming the largest city in the world through most of the 1800Ős populated Lond. The growth of suburbs: More and more Londoners were moving out of the city during the 1800s. The increased movement of residents was direct cause of the Industrial Revolotion and the improvement in trasnportation. Horse drawn vehicles became the main way of travel in the 1800s. And by the mid 1800s railways were constructed.
     

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